Can you say that since Infants or children do not understand the truth, do not have faith, and cannot repent, they may not need to receive baptism? By all means no!
The significance and effects of Infants Baptism
- Infants and children are born sin (Ps 51:5). Therefore they also need to be born again.
Remission of sins in Infants Baptism
- The promise of baptism for the remission of sins is also given to the children (Acts 2:38-39). Children were never excluded from God’s covenant with his people (Gen 17:9-14).
Salvation in Infants Baptism
- We must not forbid children from receiving salvation since the Lord Jesus himself does not reject little children but instead loves them (see Lk 18:15-17).
Parents’ faith and God’s grace in Infants Baptism
- Children were healed of their diseases through their parents’ faith (Mt 15:28). By the same token, children and infants may be baptized based on the faith of their parents (Jn 4:49-51).
- However, we must also keep in mind that it is the grace of God and the cross of Christ, not the conscious choice of humans, that gives baptism its effect.
Household baptism that included Infants Baptism
- In the early church, entire households were baptized (Acts 16:15, 32-34; 18:8; 1Cor 1:16). Children and infants are, of course, part of the household.
Circumcision in relation to Infants Baptism in the Old Testament
- Circumcision prefigures baptism (Col 2:11-12). In the Old Testament the male infants of the chosen people are circumcised on the eighth day (Lev 12:2-3), prefiguring infant baptism.
Crossing of the Red Sea in relation to Infants Baptism
- Crossing of the Red Sea prefigures the New Testament baptism (1Cor 10:1-2). The Israelites, including the children and infants, crossed the Red Sea (Ex 10:9-10, 24; 12:31).
- The children and infants were not left in the land of bondage. In the same way, children and infants must also be baptized to be cleanse of their sins and be released from the bondage of Satan.
So even if children cannot make a conscious choice to receive God’s grace, they should not be excluded from God’s grace.
Parents bear the responsibility to understand the effects and believe in the importance of Infants Baptism.