Baptism / Foot Washing / Holy Communion

Question: What are sacraments?

What are sacraments?

“Sacraments” is a term that refers to three New Testament institutions: baptism, footwashing, and Holy Communion. These three sacraments are instituted by the Lord Jesus and commanded to his followers (Mk 16:16; Jn 13:1-17; Mt 26-29).

The sacraments all involve the use of physical elements or actions.

According to the Lord’s promise, the sacraments have the effect of salvation.

In baptism, the effect of remission of sins takes place when
the believer is immersed in water in the name of Jesus Christ.
In footwashing, the believer has a part with the Lord by accepting the washing of feet in water.
In Holy Communion, the believer partakes of the eternal life of Jesus Christ.

The sacraments signify the believer’s covenantal relationship with the Lord and mark the beginning of regeneration.


Are sacraments required for Salvation?

Some claim that since the believers in the Old Testament as well as some in the New Testament were saved without the sacraments, sacraments are not required for salvation. But is this statement true?

The command to receive the sacraments for salvation is by the Lord. His word makes them a requirement.
The rationale “if it’s not required for them, it’s not required for us” is misleading. It mistakenly puts us in the same category as believers who either lived before the command was given or who could not perform the command.

The sacraments may not have been required for them, but they are required for us, who have received the command and are able to carry them out.

The salvation of these believers in the past does not free us from our responsibility now. Each person will be judged based on what he has been given (cf Mt 11:20-24; Lk 12:47-48).

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What are sacraments?

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2 thoughts on “Question: What are sacraments?

    • Hi, thanks for asking! The Holy Communion is a sacrament in which believers partake of the bread and cup of the Lord Jesus – His body and blood – in remembrance of His death (Lk 22:14-20; cf. 1 Cor 11:23-26). In the Bible, the Holy Communion is referred to variously as “the Passover” (Lk 22:13, 15), “the Lord’s Supper” (1 Cor 11:20), “the Lord’s table” (1 Cor 10:21) and “the breaking of bread” (Acts 2:42). You can read more on our post topic on What is Holy Communion? ( Feel free to write to us again.

      May His Spirit lead us to all truth and understanding!

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