Holy Communion

Question: What are the similarities and differences between the Lord’s Supper and the Passover?

What are the similarities and differences between the Lord’s Supper and the Passover?

Despite their significant similarities, the Passover is of the old covenant while the Lord’s Supper signifies the new covenant. The lamb slain at Passover was a type of Jesus.

In the Lord’s Supper, God’s true lamb is given for us. We may eat His flesh and drink His blood. “Christ has been sacrificed.” (1 Cor 5:7).

He appeared once for all at the end of the ages, to do away with sin by sacrificing Himself (Heb 9:26, 28; 10:12, 14). It no longer resembled the old covenant, where yearly sacrifices had to be made (Ex 12:5-6; 27).

“And where these have been forgiven, there is no longer any sacrifice for sin.” (Heb 10:18).

Holy Communion is also referred to as the Lord’s Supper. What is the significance of the Holy Communion to the new covenant?

The night the Holy Communion was established, marked the end of the old covenant and the beginning of the new covenant.

Jesus took the cup and said, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood which is shed for you.” (Lk 22:20;
1 Cor 11:25). “This is my blood of the new covenant which is shed for many.” (Mt 26:28; Mk 14:24).

Neither the old covenant was founded on better promises (Heb 8:6) of which Jesus is the mediator (Heb 8:6; 9:5). The blood He shed for many became the foundation of the new covenant (Heb 9:20).

Without the shedding of blood, there is no forgiveness (Heb 9:22).

The above accounts the beginning and the significance of the Lord’s Supper.

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Lord's Supper

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