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Question: How is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit the same person?

How is the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit the same person? Do you believe that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are the same person?

We do not like to apply the word “person” to God because it is misleading. We believe that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are one God and one Spirit.

Do you believe that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are one?

We believe that the spirit of the Son is also the spirit of the Father and the Holy Spirit based on the following reasons:

1. There is only one God, and the Scriptures does not say that the Son is not the Father nor the
Holy Spirit.
2. The fullness of God is found in Christ (Col 1:19; 2:9). The Lord Jesus also said that the Father was in him (Jn 10:38: 14:10,11).
3. Jesus Christ, the Son of God is to be identified with the Father (Isa 9:6; Jn 10:30; 14:9).
4. The Lord Jesus indirectly identified himself as the Holy Spirit. When referring to the coming of the Holy Spirit, the Lord Jesus said, “I will come to you” (Jn 14:18) and “a little while, and youwill see Me” (Jn 16:17).
5. The disciples baptized in the name of Jesus even though they were commanded to baptize in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Salvation is found in no one else than Jesus, and there is no other name than the name of Jesus by which we must be saved (Acts 4:12).
6. The Bible calls the Holy Spirit the Spirit of Jesus (Acts 16:7; Rom 8:9; Gal 4:6; Phil 1:19; 1Pet 1:11). The Holy Spirit is also called the Spirit of the Father (Mt 10:20), the Spirit of God (Mt 3:16; Rom 8:9; 8:13,14; 1 Cor 2:11; 3:16; 6:11; 12:3; Phil 3:3; 1Jn 4:13; 3:24), or the Holy Spirit of God (Eph 4:30; 1Thess 4:8). So the Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Son and the Spirit of the Father.
7. The work of Jesus is often attributed to the Father or the Spirit, and vise versa. For example, the Holy Spirit that lives in believers is also called the Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ (Rom 8:9-11); The resurrection of Jesus Christ by the Father (Gal 1:1) is also done by Christ himself (Jn 2:19). Jesus answers prayers (Jn 14:14) and the Father answers prayers (Jn 15:16). The Holy Spirit will speak for the believers (Mk 13:11) and this Holy Spirit is the Spirit of the Father (Mt 10:20) and Jesus himself (Lk 21:15).

The Trinitarian formula in the New Testament proves that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are not the same.

The New Testament does distinguish between the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit by mentioning them side by side and in relation to one another. The Father sends and works through the Son and the Holy Spirit. But the Bible never says that Jesus is not the Father nor the Holy Spirit, and we should not assume so simply because Jesus is mentioned alongside the Father and the Spirit. By the same token, although Jesus is often mentioned alongside and in relation to God (e.g Acts 2:32; 1 Tim 5:21), we cannot conclude from this that Jesus is not God.

When we think of God in terms of “persons,” there is always a tendency to assume that one person cannot be another, the way one human being cannot be another human being. We should not place such restrictions on God when the Bible does not.

The Bible often emphasizes the oneness of God (Deut 6:4; Mal 2:10; Mk 12:29; Rom 3:30; 1 Cor 8:4,6; Gal 3:20; Eph 4:6; 1 Tim 2:5; Jas 2:19). We never read about God’s “threeness.” It is not wise to fit God into a trinitarian formula when the Bible does not speak of such a formula. In fact, the Bible pairs the Son and the Father (Jn 14:1; Rom 1:7; 1 Cor 1:3; 2 Cor 1:2,3; Gal 1:1,3; Eph 1:2,3; Rev 5:13; etc) or the Son and the Spirit (Mt 4:1; Lk 4:1; 1 Cor 6:11; Rom 15:30; Heb 10:23) much more frequently than it puts the Father, the Son and Holy Spirit together. Does this somehow suggest a “twoness” within the “threeness” of God? By no means. When we begin to think of God as “three,” which the Bible does not do, we tend to conclude that one is not the other. Such a conclusion already goes beyond biblical revelation.

Philip, who probably concluded that Jesus was not the Father, asked the Lord to show them the Father. Jesus replied, “Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak to you I do not speak on My own authority; but the Father who dwells in Me does the works” (Jn 14:9-10). Once again, the oneness is emphasized, not the distinction.

The fact that the Bible sometimes speaks of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit interchangeably makes the notion that one is not the other all the more questionable.

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